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Lovejoy, Owen (1811-1864) | Archival Collections at Wheaton College

Name: Lovejoy, Owen (1811-1864)

Historical Note:

Owen Lovejoy was born in Albion, Maine in 1811.  The details of his early life are sketchy, but it is known that he attended college for a few years and taught school for a short time before moving to Illinois.  In 1836, Owen arrived in Alton, Illinois to be with his older brother, Elijah, and study for the ministry.  Elijah was the editor of an anti-slavery newspaper and was eventually murdered by an angry mob of pro-slavery citizens.  After his death, Owen devoted the rest of his life to the abolitionist cause. He came to Princeton, a village of about 200 people, in 1838 to assume the ministry of the Hampshire Colony Congregational Church for the salary of $600 a year.  He held that position for seventeen years, preaching his views against slavery.

Lovejoy boarded and roomed with the Butler Denham family for three years.  After the death of Mr. Denham, Lovejoy married his widow and continued to help operate the farm. (The Denhams owned nearly 1,200 acres, but only 240 acres were listed as “improved” in the 1850 Census.)  They raised her three daughters in addition to six children of their own. The home became an important station on the Underground Railroad.  The Denhams were abolitionists and it is believed that they sheltered runaway slaves before Owen Lovejoy’s arrival in Princeton.

Lovejoy’s reputation as an abolitionist spread, and he eventually felt the need of political power to fulfill his life purpose.  In 1854 he was elected to the Illinois legislature.  Two years later he won the nomination for the U.S. House of Representatives by one vote, and was elected to four consecutive terms. After the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Lovejoy was appointed a Colonel of the infantry.  He took a leave of absence from Congress to serve in the war. Lovejoy was an acquaintance of Abraham Lincoln, and Lovejoy was one of the special guests invited to witness the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation. Lovejoy died in 1864 of Bright’s disease (a liver and kidney disorder) at the age of 53.  He is buried in Oakland Cemetery in Princeton.  His widow lived to be 89 and continued to live in the house for a number of years after his death.  One of their sons owned the home and farmed the land until his death in 1931.

Sources: http://www.lovejoyhomestead.com/history.htm

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