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C. Everett Koop Papers


Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description



Manuscript Material

Published Material



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C. Everett Koop Papers, 1968-1999 | Special Collections, Buswell Library

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Collection Overview

Title: C. Everett Koop Papers, 1968-1999Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1968-1981

ID: SC/058

Primary Creator: Koop, C. Everett (Charles Everett) (1916-)

Extent: 5.0 Boxes. More info below.

Arrangement: The collection is arranged by series with folder level control.

Date Acquired: 11/00/1993

Subjects: Abortion - Religious aspects - Christianity., AIDS (Disease), Ethics - Video recordings., Euthanasia., Health, Health - Video recordings., Health officers, Health officers - United States., Koop, C. Everett (Charles Everett), 1916-2013, Koop, C. Everett (Charles Everett), 1916-2013 - Manuscripts., Medical care - Video recordings., Medicine - Video recordings., Pediatric surgeons, Pediatric surgeons - United States.

Forms of Material: Articles, Audiotapes, Correspondence, Lectures, Sermons, Speeches

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The C. Everett Koop papers are organized into five series: Biographical, Correspondence, Manuscript Material (sub-series: Books and Lectures/Speeches), Published Material (Pamphlets), Media Material (Audio tapes) and Secondary. The bulk of the collection is found in the Book Manuscripts. The manuscripts include typescripts and galleys for four of Koop's books: Let's Talk, The Right to Live; The Right to Die, Sometimes Mountains Move and Koop. The remaining series contain a few folders or items each.

Biographical Note

Charles Everett Koop was born 14 October 1916 to John Everett and Helen (Apel) Koop in Brooklyn, NY. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1937 and received his M.D. degree from Cornell Medical College in 1941. After serving an internship at the Pennsylvania Hospital, he pursued postgraduate training at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, the Boston Children's Hospital, and the Graduate School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, where he received the degree of Doctor of Science (Medicine) in 1947. Continuing his work within medical education, in 1959 he was named Professor of Pediatric Surgery at the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Medicine and Professor of Pediatrics in 1971. He is presently the Elizabeth DeCamp McInerny Professor at Dartmouth.

As Koop’s career as a pediatric surgeon began when Koop became Surgeon-in-Chief of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in 1948, a post he held until he left 1981. From 1964-1976 he was the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Pediatric Surgery. While at Children's Hospital, Dr. Koop came under the ministry of Donald Grey Barnhouse at Tenth Presbyterian Church. In his memoirs Koop recounted the influence of Tenth Presbyterian.

When he left Children’s Hospital and after a lengthy confirmation hearing Koop was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health under the U.S. Public Health Service and was sworn in as the U.S. Surgeon General on November 17, 1981. The following spring he was also appointed Director of the Office of International Health. As Surgeon General, Dr. Koop oversaw the activities of the Public Health corps and advised the public on a variety of health matters. He took strong public stands against abortion and tobacco, became an advocate for the rights of children with defects, and became the government’s chief spokesman on AIDS. Reviving an old practice, Koop wore the Surgeon General's ceremonial military uniform—a naval admiral's dress uniform, complete with medals—during much of his day-to-day work. Some have called Koop the first "celebrity Surgeon General" because of his high profile and recognizable uniform.

Having held his position for nearly all of Ronald Reagan’s time as President, Koop resigned as Surgeon General on October 1, 1989 and continues to be a force for public health and health education through his writings, electronic media, public appearances, personal contacts, and as Senior Scholar of the C. Everett Koop Institute at Dartmouth.

Dr. Koop is the recipient of numerous honors and awards including 35 honorary doctorates. Some of the key awards he received were the Denis Brown Gold Medal by the British Association of Paediatric Surgeons, the William E. Ladd Gold Medal of the American Academy of Pediatrics in recognition of outstanding contributions to the field of pediatric surgery, and the Order of the Duarte, Sanchez, and Mella (the highest award of the Dominican Republic) for his achievement in separating the conjoined Dominican twins. He was awarded the Medal of the Legion of Honor by the government of France in 1980, was inducted into the Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1982 as well as the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow in 1987. In 1991 he was given an Emmy Award in the News and Documentary category for C. Everett Koop, M.D., a five part series on health care reform. In September of 1995, President Clinton presented him with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian award.

Dr. Koop is also a prolific author and has written more than 200 articles and books on the practice of medicine and surgery, biomedical ethics, and health policy. He has also written several books on those with disabilities and right to life issues. He has also written his own memoirs.

Dr. Koop and his wife Elizabeth have three living children—Allen, Norman, and Elizabeth Thompson—and numerous grandchildren.

Subject/Index Terms

Abortion - Religious aspects - Christianity.
AIDS (Disease)
Ethics - Video recordings.
Health - Video recordings.
Health officers
Health officers - United States.
Koop, C. Everett (Charles Everett), 1916-2013
Koop, C. Everett (Charles Everett), 1916-2013 - Manuscripts.
Medical care - Video recordings.
Medicine - Video recordings.
Pediatric surgeons
Pediatric surgeons - United States.

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections, Buswell Library

Alternate Extent Statement: 34 linear feet

Access Restrictions: There are no restrictions on this collection.

Use Restrictions: Duplication may be restricted if copying could cause damage to items.

Acquisition Source: Gift

Acquisition Method: Dr. Koop's personal papers began to be received in November 1993.

Related Materials: C. Everett Koop Papers, 1933-2005 (MS C 489). National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD. For more information please see http://oculus.nlm.nih.gov/cgi/f/findaid/findaid-idx?c=nlmfindaid;id=navbarbrowselink;cginame=findaid-idx;cc=nlmfindaid;view=reslist;subview=standard;didno=koop.

Preferred Citation: C. Everett Koop Papers (SC-58), Wheaton College Special Collections, Wheaton, Illinois.

Other Note: Though having served as the Surgeon General of the United States, the papers of C. Everett Koop housed at Wheaton College reflect more of Koop

Other URL: http://library.wheaton.edu

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Biographical],
[Series 2: Correspondence],
[Series 3: Manuscript Material],
[Series 4: Published Material],
[Series 5: Secondary],
[Series 6: Media],

Series 3: Manuscript MaterialAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: Lectures and speechesAdd to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 10: "Of law, of life, and the days ahead," June 4, 1973 (Wheaton Commencement address)Add to your cart.
Folder 11: "Of law, of life, and the days ahead," June 4, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 12: "Of law, of life, and the days ahead," notesAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: "The right to live," August 12, 1975 [missing p. 4]Add to your cart.
Folder 14: "The right to live and the right to die," lecture notesAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: BooksAdd to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Let's talk, typescriptAdd to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: The right to live; the right to die, typescriptAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: The right to live; the right to die, typescript, March 29, 1976Add to your cart.
Folder 3: The right to live; the right to die, typescript, chapter 1Add to your cart.
Folder 4: The right to live; the right to die, typescript, chapter 2Add to your cart.
Folder 5: The right to live; the right to die, notes for revisionAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: The right to live; the right to die, edited copy, second editionAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Sometimes mountains move, typescript, edited (photocopy)Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Sometimes mountains move, holographic notesAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Sometimes mountains move, typescript (carbon, disorderly)Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Sometimes mountains move, typescriptAdd to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Koop, galley of photo sectionAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Koop, blueline galleyAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Koop, paste-up galleyAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Koop, master set, 1st pass [index]Add to your cart.
Box 5: Sometimes mountains move, galley proofs, edited (located in oversized box)Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Biographical],
[Series 2: Correspondence],
[Series 3: Manuscript Material],
[Series 4: Published Material],
[Series 5: Secondary],
[Series 6: Media],

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